Sunday, December 31, 2006

Trieste's Canals - and Kayakers Downtown; History Overview

Trieste is a kind of Venice, with the canals from the bay area, but it is not webbed throughout with them. See the aerial view at

Trieste was part of our Croatia trip - at the northern end of the Istrian Peninsula. We came from the south, Rikeke to Pula -- see Croatia Road Ways. A day and a half, one overnight. Not enough time.

A varied history. The area went between Italy, Slovenia and Croatia in disputes for centuries. After WWII, the Potsdam treaties made Trieste self-governing, but it later went to Italy, see, to the continuing dissatisfaction of many Croatians. Scroll down about 9 paragraphs. For Potsdam, see Germany Road Ways.

This was an area of alleged war crimes, as are many places after wars. For an overview on the topic here, see

For the history of the Trieste events of WWII, see If you get lost in the long address, stop at "wais" and maneuver from there. How I long for direct links. It is hard to find references if you go only to the home page. Do visit any home page, though, so the counters will count you.

More blogs about Trieste Road Ways.

Monday, December 18, 2006

Links, posts, archives

All references to third-party websites are in written address form, not the blue links. See for a sample overview of the issues that make direct linking risky. Better yet, become an expert in the field and help change the rationales. That way, protections can be given as appropriate, but not at the cost of slowing us up so much.
Do visit the home page of any reference, so the counter can count you.

Posts may be organized by topic, rather than date of first publishing.

Archives may include newer posts on topics initiated earlier, and not necessarily older posts. Do check often.

Technorati Profile

Saturday, October 28, 2006

Crossroads and minorities - Who is a majority?

The Austrian Habsburgs ruled Trieste from 1382-1918, until the city was ceded to Italy after WWII, see; and Slovenia borders Austria - sharing Alps - and Trieste, both.

Slovenes are in a difficult position in Trieste, however, despite the border and their own port adjacent to it. See There was much brutality surrounding the World Wars, and the current resort-oriented flowery reference to the beauty of the city are misleading, if you stop with that. See Proponents of the territorial allocations after WWII note that Trieste was kept from both Tito and Stalin. See That apparently was a main consideration, not the orientations of the people.

For the wars and psychological/economic/political damage undercurrent, see the Potsdam and treaties discussion at See also Germany Road Ways (Potsdam post). Scroll down this site to the section, "The Dark Side - 1945," at

The old town hilltop - San Giusto Cathedral and Castle

 Trieste.  San Giusto Cathedral, Castle.

1.  Orientation.  Tradition says that Jason and his Argonauts landedat Trieste, in search of the Golden Fleece - reason in itself to visit. See Trieste History.

Trieste has had many masters.  became a Roman colony under Julius Caesar, as Tergeste.  Later, the Republic of Venice attacked again and again, leading the Trieste population to seek aid from Austria, a form of voluntary submission.  Venetians got it back in 1508, and back to a free port under the Habsburgs of Austria in the 17th Century.  Ruins show all these stages. It was also occupied by the French (Napoleonic Wars) for a time. Languages: Slovenian, German, Italian, French. World War I:  Italy annexed Trieste at close of the war, and Italian Black Shirts proceeded to assault the large and prosperous Slovene population. Slovenes attacked back, as anti-Fascists.  Fascism prevailed.  World War II. Ultimately Germany ruled de facto, partisans Italian and Slovene conflicted, bombs fell, Yugoslavs took control, people disappeared, and after the war, Trieste became in 1947 a Free Territory under the UN. In 1954, the area known as Zone A was given to Italy. See and decipher at Wikipedia on Trieste.

2.  Major site.  The old cathedral and castle, San Giusto, named for Saint Justus who was martyred by the Romans for being Christian, this in the 3d Century,  is splendid at late afternoon and dusk - watch the sunset. The earliest structures date from the 6thCentury. See Saint Justus was drowned, and his body weighted, but then it resurfaced, like that of Hallvard of Oslo, a recurrent theme-miracle when there might be none other to affix to someone to create a saint?  See

3. Traffic strategies. Many old cities have addressed traffic problems by one-way street arrangements.  Those make sense to those who are familiar with the area, but disastrous for newcomers.  For those rest of us, be prepared to go in circles in Trieste, and to follow your nose upwards for landmarks if you are looking for old fortress areas. Fortresses are visible from below, and are almost always up rather then down or sideways. If in doubt, go up.

4.  Small is better, but not the smallest.  Driving. Be sure your car is no bigger than a compact.

For us, a subcompact is too small but a compact is fine. I like standard shifts, for more control. On occasion, if I am stuck in a parking spot because the next person has boxed us in, or we want to get in a spot and it looks too small, I will ask a passer-by to help. He hops in, parks the car in the impossible spot, or gets me out if boxed in, we salute and we laugh and I tip and off we go. Of course, somebody be a criminal and take off in the car, so?

5. Lack of time.  This was a sudden veer from Croatia, simply because we were nearby, and we could not see all.

  • We did not take time to do Miramare Castle, called the lovenest of Maximilian of Habsburg and Charlotte of Belgium at this site, http:// You do that one and report back to us. The picture there does show how lovely the setting for Trieste is.
  • Some of the masters of Trieste had mistresses.

Tuesday, March 28, 2006